Regimental History

1741-The Regiment is formed

Colonel Houghton raises a new regiment, and is known as Houghton’s Regiment


1751- A change in number

Under the command of Colonel Warburton, numerical titles were introduced into the British Army. The Regiment became the 45th Regiment of Foot

1808 – 1814 The Peninsular War

In April 1812, at the siege of Badajoz Captain James MacPherson and his unit raises his red jacket up the flag pole to signel the fall of the Castle.

Once the war is ended, the Regiment return to Nottinghamshire.

1823-The 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment

The 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment is formed, in response to a growing threat from the French. It is the 6th Regiment to hold the numerical title 95th. 

1854 The Crimean War

During the Crimean War, at the Battle of Alma, Private Keenan carriers the Queen’s Colour and plants it in the redoubt.

Normally held by an officer, Private Keen took it upon himself to pick up the Colour from the Battlefield  after the Regiment suffered severe casualties.

1858-Private Derby

Whilst serving in the Indian Mutiny (1857-59).The 95th  adopt a ram as their mascot. A tradition which is carried forward to this day. 

1881- The Sherwood Foresters are formed

Under the Cardwell-Childers reforms to the British Army, the 45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment & the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment are merged to form The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire) Regiment

1899 – 1902 The Boer War

The Boer War breaks out and the Sherwood Foresters are sent to South Africa. To compete with the Boers, the Sherwood Foresters provided Infantry on foot and horse. 

1914 – 1918 The First World War

  • 33 Battalions raised (20 served overseas)
  • 140,000 served. 
  • 11,409 KIA or missing 
  • 57 Battle honours 


1939 – 1945 Second World War

  • 26,940 officers and men served
  • 1,520 were killed or died of wounds
  • Awarded 25 Battle Honours

1945-1970 A change in role

The Sherwood Foresters served in Germany where they carried out occupational duties for many years, fought in Malaya at the end of the Emergency against Communism in 1958-60 and were deployed to Cyprus in 1963.

1970 Amalgamation with the Worcestershire Regiment

The Sherwood Foresters amalgamated with the Worcestershire Regiment to form The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (WFR).   

1970-2007 The WFR

The WFR served across the world completing 7 tours of Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Bosnia and Afghanistan. The Regiment also carried out public duties guarding the Royal Palaces in 2005. 

2007 The Mercian Regiment is formed

In 2007 The Cheshire Regiment, The Worcestershire & Sherwood Foresters Regiment and the Staffordshire Regiment are brought together to form The Mercian Regiment. Known as the heart of England’s Infantry, the Regimental motto is ‘Stand Firm, Strike Hard’. 

In 2007 there were four battalions:1 Mercian (Cheshires), 2 Mercian (Worcesters & Foresters), 3 Mercian (Staffords) & 4 Mercian (Reserves). In 2014 this changed with the disbandment of 3 Mercian ( Staffords). Today the Regiments title is ‘The Mercian Regiment (Cheshires, Worcesters & Foresters & Staffords).